The most common type of mesothelioma is pleural mesothelioma. It accounts for 70 and 75% of patients suffering from mesothelioma. The cancer affects the pleural mesothelium of the lungs due to the accumulation of asbestos.
Inhalation of asbestos because of the collection of these fibers in the lungs and penetrate the walls of the mesothelium and into the pleura due to a microscopic size small. When migrating from the mesothelium of the pleura that damages the mesothelium.
Asbestos invade the pleural cavity cancers that form in the mesothelium and damage it. Cancer of the tissues formed thickens the pleural fluid and thus inhibiting proper lung movement. These tumors may constrict the lungs and create pressure on the organs of the chest and others, in some cases and therefore cause severe pain in these organs.
Because of the involvement of the lungs in the oxygenation of the blood of lung cancers usually can spread to other parts of the body through the bloodstream. This makes the malignant pleural mesothelioma.
The most common problem relates to the diagnosis of pleural mesothelioma is often confused with less serious and deadly diseases like common cold, pneumonia, influenza, whooping cough and laryngitis. Sometimes no symptoms are present in pleural mesothelioma.
The mutation that asbestos fibers cause the mesothelium of developing cancer is studied by scientists and doctors. They are still unaware of the causes of these mutations. It is believed that even a single fiber of asbestos can cause mutation that ends in mesothelioma. Increasing the number of cases being reported has been of great help to researchers to further study about this disease.
A particle of asbestos in general, it takes much time to develop into cancerous tissue and that up to 30 to 40 years after exposure. Therefore the location of the cancer remains difficult in the early stages as most of the cases develop in the alveolar sac of the lungs.
As there is still no specific cure for mesothelioma, doctors try to diagnose the disease as quickly as possible to alleviate the suffering of patients with mesothelioma. This will help extend and improve the lives of the mesothelioma patient. Treatment programs for all people depend on the extent of disease and disease progression.
Treatment options in case of pleural mesothelioma usually include surgery, chemotherapy and radiation.
The surgery is performed to remove part or full-cut lung cancer tissue. This will prevent the cancer tissue further spread in the lungs and other body parts. In some cases, the liquid needs to be cleared from the lungs. However, in extreme cases, the lung is needed to be removed.
High doses of radiation are often used to treat these types of pleural cancer. The radiation technique uses high energy waves that destroy malignant cancer cells. Cancer cells, together with healthy ones are killed thereby causing peripheral health problems as well.
The anticancer drugs are also used to treat these types of mesothelioma cancer. Here the hard drugs are pumped into tumors or orally can inhibit the growth and spread of cancer in the lungs or body. Nevertheless, these radiations, and can pose other serious health problems.